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Dehradun: The Capital of Uttarakhand

Unravelling Uttarakhand: Exploring the Enchanting Capital of Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a wonderful place to visit, and in this article, we will focus on the capital of Uttarakhand. We’ll explore the beauty of the city, its history, culture, top attractions, and adventure opportunities. Whether you’re a nature lover, a history enthusiast, or an adventure seeker, this travel guide has something special for everyone.

Dehradun: The Capital of Uttarakhand. Why is it Important?

Uttarakhand’s capital, Dehradun, holds a vital place in the heart of the Indian state. Situated in the scenic Doon Valley, it is flanked by the Shivalik Range to the south and the majestic Himalayas to the north. Its strategic location makes it a crucial gateway to the state’s most cherished hill stations and revered pilgrimage destinations. But Dehradun is much more than just a geographical landmark.

Geographically, Dehradun is positioned in the northwestern part of India, nestled in the state of Uttarakhand. Perched at an average elevation of around 435 meters (1427 feet) above sea level, the city boasts a picturesque landscape. The Ganges River meanders to the east of the city, while the Yamuna River graces its western side, adding to the city’s natural charm.

Beyond its physical allure, Dehradun is steeped in history. The annals of time echo with tales of various dynasties that ruled the region, including the Gurkhas and the British. The city’s historical significance is etched in its architectural wonders, such as the iconic Clock Tower and the impressive Forest Research Institute. Each building stands as a testament to the city’s past and the enduring spirit of its people.

Culturally, Dehradun is a melting pot, where different communities and traditions converge harmoniously. The city is home to a diverse population, including Garhwali, Kumaoni, Punjabi, and Tibetan communities. This amalgamation of cultures enriches the city’s heritage and fosters a colourful tapestry of customs and celebrations.

Dehradun’s importance goes beyond its history and culture; it serves as an educational hub of excellence. The city hosts esteemed institutions like the Indian Military Academy (IMA) and the Forest Research Institute (FRI), attracting students from all corners of the country and abroad. This vibrant academic atmosphere contributes to the city’s cosmopolitan character.

Moreover, Dehradun’s proximity to the Himalayas and its surrounding hill stations makes it a haven for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers. The city opens the door to thrilling treks, lush forests, cascading waterfalls, and a rich variety of flora and fauna.

Lastly, as the capital of Uttarakhand, Dehradun wields significant administrative and political power. It houses the state’s legislative assembly, secretariat, and other governmental offices. The decisions made here impact the lives of Uttarakhand’s citizens, making Dehradun the epicentre of governance and development.

In conclusion, Dehradun, Uttarakhand’s capital, is not just a dot on the map; it is a culmination of geography, culture, history, education, adventure, and governance. It represents the very essence of the state, drawing in visitors and locals alike to marvel at its beauty, embrace its diversity, and cherish its heritage.

With its rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture, this captivating destination is a must-visit for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts alike. From ancient temples to modern infrastructure, Dehradun seamlessly blends traditional charm with contemporary development. So come along as we embark on a journey to discover all that this remarkable city has to offer!

What is Dehradun?

Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is a vibrant city nestled in the foothills of the majestic Himalayas. It holds a unique charm that sets it apart from other cities in India. But what exactly is Dehradun?

Dehradun is not just another bustling urban centre; it’s a perfect blend of natural beauty and urban development. It offers residents and visitors alike an escape from the chaos of big cities while still providing all modern amenities.

This picturesque city boasts lush greenery, tranquil rivers, and breathtaking mountain views. The serene atmosphere creates an ideal environment for those seeking peace and tranquillity away from the hustle and bustle.

Aside from its natural beauty, Dehradun also has a rich historical background. It served as one of the most prominent centres during British rule in India and continues to hold remnants of its colonial past with grand architecture and institutions.

Furthermore, Dehradun is renowned for being an educational hub with prestigious schools and universities scattered across its landscape. This reputation has attracted students from all over India who come here to pursue their academic aspirations.

The people of Dehradun are known for their warm hospitality and friendly nature. The local culture reflects this welcoming spirit through traditional festivals, arts, music, and dance forms like Garhwali dance & songs!

The bustling yet peaceful city known as Dehradun offers a unique experience to both residents & tourists alike! With its stunning landscapes, historical significance, top-notch education system, and rich cultural heritage! it truly embodies everything that makes Uttarakhand’s capital shine bright!

History of Dehradun

Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The city was originally known as Dera Doon, which means “camp in the valley.” Guru Ram Rai, the son of Guru Har Rai, the seventh Sikh guru, established it.

During the British colonial era, Dehradun became an important centre for trade and administration. The British developed it as a hill station and built numerous buildings and institutions that still stand today. The city also played a significant role during India’s struggle for independence.

In recent years, Dehradun has witnessed rapid urbanization and development. It has become a central educational hub with renowned schools and colleges attracting students from all over the country. Many multinational companies have also set up their offices here, boosting employment opportunities.

Despite its modern transformation, Dehradun has managed to retain its old-world charm with its colonial-era architecture and lush green surroundings. Today, it is not only known for its educational institutions but also for its natural beauty and serene atmosphere.

The history of Dehradun is deeply intertwined with both ancient traditions and modern developments. This blend makes it a unique destination that offers visitors an opportunity to delve into the past while embracing the present.

Location of Dehradun                   

Located in the foothills of the majestic Himalayas, Dehradun is nestled in the Doon Valley. It is situated in the state of Uttarakhand, which was earlier a part of Uttar Pradesh. The city is positioned between two important rivers, namely Ganges and Yamuna.

Dehradun is strategically located and serves as a gateway to several popular tourist destinations in Uttarakhand such as Mussoorie, Rishikesh, Haridwar, and Nainital. Its proximity to these well-known hill stations makes it an ideal base for exploring the natural beauty of the region.

The city enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year due to its location at an average altitude of 450 meters above sea level. Summers are mild with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 35°C, while winters can get chilly with temperatures dropping below freezing point.

With its picturesque surroundings and serene environment, Dehradun attracts tourists and nature lovers from all over India. Its location amidst lush greenery and mountains offer ample opportunities for adventure activities like trekking, camping, and river rafting.

In addition to its natural beauty, Dehradun also boasts excellent connectivity via roadways, railways (with its own railway station), and airways (through Jolly Grant Airport). This further enhances its appeal as a convenient travel destination for both domestic and international visitors.

Overall, the strategic location of Dehradun not only provides easy access to other tourist hotspots but also adds charm to this beautiful city itself. Whether you’re seeking tranquillity or adventure amides nature’s bounty, Dehradun has something for everyone!

Geography of Dehradun

The geography of Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is truly captivating. Nestled in the Doon Valley, this picturesque city is surrounded by majestic mountains on three sides and the Yamuna River flowing through it. With an average elevation of 435 meters above sea level, Dehradun enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year.

The city is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas, which not only adds to its scenic beauty but also offers numerous opportunities for adventure enthusiasts. Trekking trails and camping sites are abundant in the nearby hills, attracting nature lovers from far and wide.

Dehradun is blessed with rich flora and fauna due to its diverse topography. The surrounding forests are home to a variety of plant species including oak, pine, deodar, and rhododendron. Wildlife such as leopards, deer, and monkeys can also be spotted in these lush green areas.

The Ganges Canal flows through Dehradun and provides irrigation facilities to nearby agricultural lands. The fertile soil coupled with favourable climatic conditions makes agriculture one of the prominent economic activities in this region.

Dehradun’s geography offers a harmonious blend of natural beauty and resourceful landscapes that make it an ideal destination for both residents and tourists alike!

Climate of Dehradun

Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is blessed with a pleasant and moderate climate throughout the year. Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, Dehradun experiences a subtropical continental climate.

Summers in Dehradun are warm but not too hot, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 degrees Celsius. The cool breeze blowing down from the mountains provides relief during this time. It’s an ideal season for outdoor activities and exploring picturesque landscapes.

Monsoons bring abundant rainfall to Dehradun, transforming it into a lush green paradise. The city receives moderate to heavy showers from June to September. The rain-washed surroundings add charm and beauty to Dehradun’s already stunning natural scenery.

Winters in Dehradun are chilly but not freezing cold. From November to February, temperatures can drop as low as 3 degrees Celsius on some nights. However, daytime temperatures usually range between 15 to 20 degrees Celsius, making it comfortable for outdoor exploration.

The best time to visit Dehradun is during spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November). These seasons offer mild weather conditions that are perfect for sightseeing and enjoying outdoor activities like trekking or picnicking.

Dehradun enjoys a delightful climate all year round due to its proximity to the majestic Himalayas. Whether you’re seeking warmth or coolness, this charming city has something for everyone regardless of the season!

Demographics of Dehradun

Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is a city known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse demographics. The population of Dehradun is a mix of different religions, languages, and ethnicities, making it a truly cosmopolitan city.

The demographics of Dehradun reflect its historical significance as well as its present-day development. With a population that includes people from all walks of life, the city has become a melting pot of cultures and traditions. From locals who have lived in Dehradun for generations to migrants from various parts of India, this diversity adds vibrancy to the city’s social fabric.

One interesting aspect of the demographics is the presence of educational institutions that attract students from across India. The city is home to some renowned schools and colleges which draw students not just from Uttarakhand but also from other states.

In terms of language spoken, Hindi is widely spoken in Dehradun due to its status as a major commercial hub in Uttarakhand. However, you can also hear Garhwali – the regional language – being spoken by many locals.

The demographic makeup also extends to religious diversity with Hinduism being dominant followed by Islam and Sikhism among others.

The demographics paint an intriguing picture showing how Dehradun has evolved over time into a culturally diverse and inclusive city where people from different backgrounds come together harmoniously.

Infrastructure of Dehradun

Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is not just known for its natural beauty and tourist attractions but also for its well-developed infrastructure. The city boasts of a robust transportation network that includes an efficient road system, railway connectivity, and an airport.

The roads in Dehradun are well-maintained and connect the city to various parts of Uttarakhand as well as neighbouring states. The presence of national highways like NH 72A and NH 307 ensures smooth connectivity to cities like Delhi, Chandigarh, and Haridwar. Additionally, the city has a good public transport system with buses running on different routes.

When it comes to railways, Dehradun has its own railway station which connects it to major cities across India. This makes it convenient for both tourists and residents to travel by train.

For those who prefer air travel, Dehradun has Jolly Grant Airport located around 25 kilometres away from the city centre. It offers regular flights to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore etc.

There are many car rental services available at the airport making it easy for travelers to reach their destination.

Apart from transportation facilities, the city also has a reliable power supply, multiple hospitals, schools, colleges, banks, and shopping centres.

The availability of these amenities adds convenience and improves the overall quality of life in Dehradun.

In conclusion, the well-developed infrastructure in Dehradun plays a crucial role in enhancing connectivity, reducing commuting time, and improving overall living standards.

It contributes significantly towards making Dehradun an attractive urban destination

Economy of Dehradun

The economy of Dehradun is diverse and thriving, making it an important hub for commerce and trade in Uttarakhand. The city’s strategic location at the foothills of the Himalayas has played a significant role in its economic growth.

Dehradun is home to several industries, including manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, education, tourism, and information technology. The presence of prestigious educational institutions like the Indian Military Academy and Doon School has contributed to the development of a strong educational sector in the city.

The manufacturing industry in Dehradun primarily focuses on products such as textiles, leather goods, paper products, and electronic equipment. The pharmaceutical industry also thrives here with many renowned companies having their production units in the region.

Tourism plays a vital role in Dehradun’s economy due to its picturesque landscapes and proximity to popular hill stations like Mussoorie. The city attracts tourists throughout the year who contribute significantly to local businesses such as hotels, restaurants, and souvenir shops.

With advancements in technology and infrastructure development initiatives by both government bodies and private enterprises are attracting IT companies to set up their offices or centers in Dehradun. This has led to job opportunities for locals while boosting economic growth overall.

The economy of Dehradun continues to flourish due to its diverse industrial sectors along with its rich natural beauty that makes it an attractive destination for investment and tourism alike.

Education in Dehradun

Education in Dehradun is a significant aspect that contributes to the city’s overall growth and development. With a rich educational heritage, Dehradun has emerged as one of the leading educational hubs in India. The city boasts a wide range of schools, colleges, and universities offering quality education across various disciplines.

Dehradun is home to some renowned boarding schools that have gained national and international recognition for their academic excellence. These schools provide holistic education and focus not only on academics but also on extracurricular activities, sports, and character development.

The city is also known for its prestigious institutions like the Forest Research Institute (FRI) and the Indian Military Academy (IMA). FRI is a premier institute for forestry research while IMA trains future officers for the Indian Army.

In recent years, several engineering and management colleges have also been established in Dehradun, catering to the growing demand for technical education. These institutes offer state-of-the-art infrastructure along with industry-relevant curricula to prepare students for professional careers.

Furthermore, there are numerous universities in Dehradun offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses in various fields such as science, arts, commerce, law, pharmacy,
and agriculture. These universities strive to provide a quality education through experienced faculty members and modern teaching methodologies.

The presence of these educational institutions has attracted students from different parts of India as well as overseas. Many students choose Dehradun not just for its academic offerings but also because of its serene environment surrounded by hills.

Education in Dehradun is important in shaping individuals’ careers and contributing significantly to society’s progress. The city continues to foster an atmosphere conducive to learning by providing ample opportunities for personal growth
and knowledge enhancement at all levels.

Culture of Dehradun

Culture of Dehradun:
Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand, is a city that beautifully blends tradition with modernity. The culture of this vibrant city reflects its rich history and diverse heritage.

The people of Dehradun are known for their warm hospitality and friendly nature. They take great pride in preserving their traditional values and customs. Festivals like Basant Panchami, Diwali, Holi, and Eid are celebrated with great enthusiasm and unity.

One can experience cultural diversity through various art forms such as folk dances like Langvir Nritya and Jhoomar, which showcase the local talent. The city also hosts numerous cultural events throughout the year where artists from different parts of India come together to showcase their skills.

The cuisine of Dehradun is another aspect that adds flavour to its culture. From mouthwatering street food like chaat and momos to delicious Garhwali dishes like Kafuli and Phaanu, food lovers are spoiled for choice here.

Dehradun is also home to several educational institutions including prestigious boarding schools that have played a significant role in shaping the cultural landscape of the city. These institutions promote discipline, sportsmanship, creativity, and overall personality development among students.

Moreover, Dehradun’s love for adventure sports such as trekking, river rafting, and paragliding has attracted tourists from all over India. This adventurous spirit has become an integral part of the city’s culture.

In addition to this, the picturesque landscapes surrounding Dehradun have inspired many poets, writers, and artists over time.

The serene beauty combined with a peaceful environment makes it an ideal place for creative minds to thrive, resulting in a flourishing art scene in the city.
Overall, the culture of Dehradun is a harmonious blend of traditions, new-age aspirations, and artistic expression.

This unique combination makes it an alluring destination for both tourists and locals alike.

Tourism in Dehradun

Tourism in Dehradun is a delight for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts alike. With its picturesque landscapes, lush green forests, and serene rivers, this city offers a perfect retreat from the hustle and bustle of urban life.

One of the major attractions in Dehradun is Robber’s Cave, also known as Gucchupani. This natural formation carved out of limestone rocks offers an exciting trekking experience to visitors. The cave has a river flowing through it, making it an ideal spot for picnics and photography.

Another must-visit place in Dehradun is the beautiful Tapkeshwar Temple. Nestled amidst thick forests, this ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva attracts devotees from far and wide. The highlight of this temple is the natural spring where water drips continuously on a Shivalinga.

For those seeking tranquillity, Malsi Deer Park is the perfect place to visit. Spread over a vast area with lush greenery and various species of deer roaming freely, this park provides an excellent opportunity for wildlife enthusiasts to observe these graceful creatures up close.

Adventure seekers can indulge in activities like paragliding at Mussoorie Adventure Park or go on thrilling treks to places like Nag Tibba or Har Ki Dun Valley nearby Dehradun.

Whether you’re looking for spiritual solace or adrenaline-pumping adventures, tourism in Dehradun has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to explore the hidden gems of this charming city nestled amidst the majestic Himalayas!


Here is a conclusion for the article on the Capital of Uttarakhand: The capital of Uttarakhand is a matter of debate. Some people believe that Dehradun should be the permanent capital, while others think that Gairsain should be the permanent capital. There are pros and cons to both cities. Dehradun is a larger and more developed city, but it is also located in the Garhwal region, which is more prone to earthquakes. Gairsain is a smaller and less developed city, but it is also located in the Garhwal region.

The future of the capital of Uttarakhand remains to be seen. The state government has not yet made a final decision on the matter. However, the debate over the capital is likely to continue for some time.

In the meantime, Dehradun and Gairsain will continue to serve as the winter and summer capitals of Uttarakhand, respectively. Both cities are important to the state and both have their own unique charms. Ultimately, the decision of which city should be the permanent capital of Uttarakhand is a complex one that will need to be made carefully.

Uttarakhand Gyan

Welcome to Uttarakhand Gyan Blog, your go-to source for all things related to the state of Uttarakhand. We are a team of passionate individuals dedicated to providing comprehensive and up-to-date information on the social, economic, political, tourism and cultural aspects of the state.

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